Slavery In Sudan is Real:
By: New Sudan African Society
Slavery in Sudan is real and alive. Sudan is the largest country in Africa, located in North east Africa, and south of Egypt. To the North east is the Red sea, and to the east is Ethiopia. The Northern part of Sudan is the Arab Islamic north and to the Southern part is the African Christian and animist south. Slavery in Sudan has existed for centuries, and it is a well known fact and history. Slavery was introduced in the Sudan by the Arabs who came across the Red Sea and conquered and Islamized some of the indigenous African People who originally inhabited the whole of Sudan. The African tribes were slowly pushed south due to wars between them and the Arabs. It must be known that slavery was abolished in Sudan by the British during their colonial rule.
However the practice continued, though on a small-scale basis and mostly in remote areas between the North-South border. Britain and Egypt ruled the Sudan jointly and during that time, the North and South were administered separately and treated almost entirely like two different countries. However in 1954, the British united the North and South and hurriedly departed the Sudan, despite the known differences between the Africans and the Arabs. Thus the present day problem of Sudan erupted almost immediately. The North immediately set out to subjugate, Arabize and Islamize the South and a civil war erupted from 1956-1972. Peace was brought to Sudan in what was known as the Addis- Ababa agreement, where the South was promised greater autonomy. However the Northern government of president Jaafar Muhammad Numeiry soon reneged on the agreement. African Southern Sudanese were deceived by the Arabs, and in 1982, the present day civil war erupted. It must also be made clear that 4 million African Sudanese were killed as result of the aggression by the Arab Islamic North from 1956 to the present.
Modern Day Slavery
Modern day slavery first emerged with the support of the government of Sudan during the time Sadiq el Mahdi was Prime Minister of Sudan, 1986-1989. The complicity of the Government of Sudan (GOS) in encouraging the murahileen Arab militia were first documented by 2 University of Khartoum professors, Dr. Ushari Mahamoud and Dr. Suleyman Ali Baldo themselves devout Muslims and Arabs from the North.
1. Description of incident
In 1987, Dr.Ushari Mahmoud co-authored an independent investigation into a
massacre in the Sudanese town of ed Dai'en and the revival of practices of
slavery in the region. He concluded that the government was actively
encouraging the elements who were responsible for both the massacre and the
resurgence of slavery..."
Dr. Ushari was detained shortly after the coup (June 30, 1989). In a letter to President Jimmy Carter, written from Shalla Prison in Darfur dated April 5, 1990, he wrote:
I have been recently transferred to this prison after nine months of detention at Kobar prison in Khartoum. While I was detained at Kobar, specifically on March 18, I was visited by ex-Minister of Finance, Dr. Sayed Ali Zaki. He came to me with a specific message from the military authorities. The gist of the message was that I would be released if I retract in writing and deny the truth of what I had written about slavery in "Al Daein Massacre-Slavery in the Sudan." Otherwise, I would continue to be detained "indefinitely" -to use Dr. Zaki's own words. That visit ended with great disappointment for Dr. Zaki and with a deeper understanding of the true nature of the regime for me. Ten days later I was transferred to this prison..."
Results of incident
No further information is available concerning Dr. Ushari's imprisonment.
Source: Human Rights Watch/Africa Watch, 'Sudan Suppression of Information',
8/30/90 Vol. 2, Iss. 28 Pg.25
2. Canadian Foreign Minister acknowledges slavery in Sudan
The following is a quote from Canada's Foreign Minister during his speech to the UN Security Council on Sept 29, 1999.
..."The bitter experience of the individual Africans who have suffered most -- victims of genocide in Rwanda, widespread starvation in Somalia, pervasive terror in Sierra Leone, slave trading in Sudan and senseless war between Ethiopia and Eritrea -- should demand effective intervention by the Security Council. Such is the responsibility of this body and no other."
3. UN investigator, Leonardo Franco acknowledges slavery
UN investigator, Leonardo Franco, said in a report to the UNHCR last month that the war between government troops and the rebels in the south had exacerbated the problem.
He said that "murahelleen" tribesmen, who escorted military supply convoys, were allowed to abduct women and children and take them north "to be subject to forced labour or other conditions amounting to slavery."
4. Susan Rice US assistant Secretary for African affairs acknowledges slavery in Sudan is real
"Part of why I am here is to show the world that, despite what the government in Khartoum says, despite what some of our partners in the European Union may want to pretend ... slavery exists, it has to be acknowledged, and it has to be addressed," Rice told reporters in this southern Sudan town. "We have an obligation not only to speak out but to ameliorate the suffering."
Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam Deny the Existence of Slavery
The Southern Sudanese community in the Diaspora finds it extremely difficult to understand why our brothers in the Nation of Islam and the person of Minister Louise Farrakhan continued to deny slavery in Sudan, thus prolonging and worsening the situation. Brothers and sisters of the Nation of Islam, slavery in Sudan is real. We are not saying this because we are against Islam or Arabs, but we are saying slavery in Sudan is real because our uncles, aunts, brothers and sisters in Sudan are enslaved and our people are at the receiving end of this ugly inhuman act. It has become a sickening habit for Louise Farrakhan to blame everything on Israel and CIA.
Whether the CIA or Israel are involved in the present day suffering of blacks in America, is totally a different matter and we donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t have enough knowledge concerning the matter, nor are we going to comment further. However it is sickening for someone like Mr. Farrakhan who on one hand claims to be fighting for the black race, to turn deaf and blind when it comes to the suffering of black people in Sudan. It leaves one to wonder, what is this man Louise Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam up to. How can they condemn slavery that was carried out by Europeans and Christians against our brothers and sisters in the Americas, and then deny slavery that was and is still being carried out against blacks in Sudan by the Arab Islamic regime?
Upon Mr. Farrakhan visit from Sudan, Libya and other countries where he received one billion dollars from Libya, Mr. Farrakhan stunned most members of his audience and followers alike when he dismissed and declared the intensity of the war (now more than 2 million African Sudanese dead according to conservative estimate) as something brought about by a bunch of rebels in the South.“They are not like us.' Farrakhan asserted, while pointing at his skin color. 'But they are Black, Black, ---, (the word black repeated 11 times)according to the recorded speech. Ladies and gentlemen, this is indeed surprising and it leaves one totally at lost for words and we wonder, what is happening here?
Farrakhan maintained ties with the president of Sudan, the same person who declared Jihad holy war and allowed the slavery to flourish under his regime against Southern African tribes, Muslim and Christians alike. He was on record saying the following,
- An article in The Boston Globe on April 1, 1997 by journalist Jeff Jacoby exposed proof of Minister Farrakhan's awareness of slavery in the Sudan.
According to Jacoby's article, phone call interviews with two south Sudanese resistance leaders at the end of March, told of two meetings in spring 1994 with Louis Farrakhan. One of the men, Steven Wondu, a Sudanese People's Liberation Army official, was quoted as saying that Farrakhan had stated that "When it comes to a choice between religion or the dignity of the black man [between Muslim masters and African slaves] I will choose my skin." The other, Bona Malwal, a former minister of the Sudanese cabinet, said that when he had met with Farrakhan in Nairobi, "We talked about the situation. We talked about slaveryHe knew blacks in the South were being persecuted. He said that he had been told about the slave camps."
- In an interview in the July 23, 1996 issue of The Final Call, the Nation of Islam's weekly newspaper, Minister Farrakhan questioned the motives of those who criticized slavery in the Sudan. Is the Sudan now being targeted, Farrakhan asked, "because this Islamic government is trying to build an Islamic nation?"
- He added, "I should condemn (slavery) and certainly will, but I will not allow myself to be used as a pawn for the West in a political game that is being used by Western government to destabilize the Islamic government of Sudan¦ Let it be known, that as a descendant of slaves I stand ready to condemn slavery in all its formsA lot of what I have been reading, when it comes to life in Sudan, are vicious lies"
· Reacting to the June 1996 three-part series in the Baltimore Sun which documented specific cases of slavery in the Sudan, The Final Call printed the following:
"The Sun is a Zionist Jewish dailyReject the Slavery propaganda against Sudan Don't let the Zionists get away with damn lies!" (July 16, 1996)
- Responding to a question at a March 1996 press conference, Minister Farrakhan flatly denied that slavery existed in Sudan. Following the press conference, he challenged the questioner, saying,
"Why don't you go as a member of the press? And you look inside the Sudan, and if you find it, then come back and tell the American people what you have found."
- The Daily Challenge, a New York Black community oriented daily paper, reported on May 30, 1995 that Abdul Akbar Muhammad, International Representative of the Nation of Islam, claimed that slavery allegations against the Sudanese government were part of a "Jewish conspiracy" to divide the Black community. As evidence, Muhammad pointed out that Charles Jacobs, co-founder of the American Anti-Slavery Group is Jewish. (Note: He failed, however, to identify the group's other founder, Mohamed Athie, a former Mauritanian diplomat. He also failed to explain how Mr. Jacobs' religion was evidence of a "conspiracy.")
- Muhammad was quoted in the April 26, 1995 issue of The Final Call as saying,
"Another objective of the propaganda is to divert attention from the role Jews played in the slave trade as revealed in the book, 'The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews' [the NOI book alleging Jewish control of the slave trade in America]."
- Muhammad also wrote in the April 12, 1995 issue of The Final Call that
"As in all other cases, I am sure that this 'Big Lie' being circulated by the American Anti-Slavery Group [the group publicizing the facts of slavery in the Sudan and Mauritania] against Libya and the Sudan will eventually be exposed as another manipulative devise [sic]. I believe their propaganda is intended to continue to divide the black and Arab people in America and on the African continent."
Southern Sudanese Community message to Minister Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam.
Dear Minister Farrakhan,
We are pleased to request your help in word and action against slavery in Sudan. As established above and elsewhere, slavery is real, as real as broad day light. All it now requires from all humans including you is no more denials nor evidence. We have people among you in America who were enslaved. There is no more proof other than that the slaves themselves are here to tell their story.
Sudan's misleading statements that the danger to Sudan and Sudanese is from without is a non starter. It has always been like that. They create problems and point their fingers against x or y. Yesterday, it was neighboring countries, communists-Russia, Cuba and Egypt which they say is against introduction of Sharia, but now embraced as a savior. Today, it's the Western world and their churches dragged by CIA by their noses. It's all the time Israel coming from the back door while they keep receiving it from the front door. Is this normal talk by normal people ?
None of those accusations and denials will help Sudan or National Islamic Front. On the contrary, denials actually encourage further research which strengthens earlier findings whose results are surgical: Genocide, oppression and slavery. There is only one way out for Sudan and the National Islamic Front. You as friends and observers must say and tell them the truth. This has been lacking. It's worsening among some of our own brothers of NOI and AMC. This isn't good for us as Africans and as fellow humans. We are appealing to you to break NOI's silence in relation to slavery and to put an end to ill-informed propaganda against your pride, Africa and people, Africans. :